An effective global nuclear security system to protect vulnerable nuclear materials and facilities remains elusive. In the absence of such an agreed upon, comprehensive system, the notable progress that countries have made to reduce the risks of theft and sabotage is in jeopardy. Demand for nuclear energy is growing around the world, leading more than 10 new countries to consider taking on the risks and responsibilities of ensuring nuclear security. National leadership and stewardship on nuclear security is particularly critical in this time of heightened political and terrorist risks.

We have a series of recommendations for advancing the global nuclear security agenda by: