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States without Nuclear Materials Actively Support Global Nuclear Security Norms
Countries without weapons-usable nuclear materials continue to actively support global nuclear security norms that address the risk that their territories could be used by terrorist or other organizations as transit points for illicit materials or as staging grounds for malicious activity. Yet many of those countries face heightened risk environments that undermine their ability to effectively counter potential terrorist activity within their borders.
- Since 2016, 31 additional countries reinforced the international legal foundation for nuclear security by ratifying either the 2005 amendment to the CPPNM or the ICSANT.
- One-third of all countries without weapons-usable nuclear materials have fully implemented United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1540. At the same time, there is room for improvement. Although all countries without weapons-usable nuclear materials meet the nuclear security reporting requirements of UNSCR 1540, two-thirds have yet to fully implement the provisions of the resolution.
- Unfortunately, the improvements to nuclear security conditions are slowed and potentially jeopardized by increasingly fragile political environments in a number of countries and regions. Among countries without weapons-usable nuclear materials, the Risk Environment scores of nearly as many countries declined as improved. Risk environment factors have the potential to adversely affect countries’ ability to limit terrorist activity with effective governance and political stability measures, to reduce the pervasiveness of corruption, and to restrict the capabilities of criminal groups interested in acquiring nuclear materials.
 Among countries without weapons-usable nuclear materials, Risk Environment scores declined in 47 and improved in 56.