country flag of Pakistan


Theft Ranking
Has Weapons-Usable Nuclear Materials


Pakistan ranks near the bottom of the theft ranking. Although Pakistan passed new cybersecurity regulations, the improvement was too small to change its score. In the future, Pakistan could improve its nuclear materials security conditions by requiring reporting of suspicious behavior and constant surveillance of inner areas of nuclear facilities to mitigate the insider threat, strengthening requirements for on-site physical protection and control and accounting, ensuring its requirements for security of material during transport reflect the latest IAEA guidelines, and improving cybersecurity requirements at nuclear facilities. Pakistan could also improve its nuclear materials security conditions by ratifying key international legal agreements. Pakistan’s nuclear materials security conditions remain adversely affected by increasing quantities of nuclear materials, political instability and corruption, and the presence of groups interested in and capable of illicitly acquiring nuclear materials.

Category & Indicator Scores

Category & Indicators
Rank / Score / Δ

Quantities and Sites

Quantities of Nuclear Materials

Sites and Transportation

Material Production / Elimination Trends

Security and Control Measures

On-site Physical Protection

Control and Accounting Procedures

Insider Threat Prevention

Physical Security During Transport

Response Capabilities


Global Norms

International Legal Commitments

Voluntary Commitments

International Assurances

Domestic Commitments and Capacity

UNSCR 1540 Implementation

Domestic Nuclear Materials Security Legislation

Safeguards Adherence and Compliance

Independent Regulatory Agency

Risk Environment

Political Stability

Effective Governance

Pervasiveness of Corruption

Group(s) Interested in Illicitly Acquiring Materials


= denotes tie in rank
Δ denotes change in score between and
– denotes no change between and
All countries are scored 0–100, where 100 = most favorable nuclear security conditions

Note on Scores

Indicator scores equal the sum of the subindicator scores. Scores are then normalized 0-100, where 100 = most favorable nuclear materials security conditions.