country flag of Pakistan

Pakistan

Has Weapons-Usable Nuclear Materials
Rank22
Score46
Change+3

Summary

Pakistan’s score increased by three points compared to 2012, putting it in the top ten most improved countries and making it the most improved nuclear-armed state in the NTI Index, although it still scores near the bottom. Pakistan’s improvement is primarily due to an increased score for on-site physical protection resulting from new laws and regulations requiring licensees to provide physical protection to nuclear sites and on-site reviews of security. In the future, Pakistan’s nuclear materials security conditions could be further improved by strengthening its laws and regulations for physical security of material during transport to reflect the latest IAEA nuclear security guidelines, and for mitigating the insider threat, particularly by requiring personnel to report suspicious behavior and requiring constant surveillance of areas of facilities where nuclear material is located. It could also become party to the 2005 Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. Pakistan’s nuclear materials security conditions also remain adversely affected due to political instability, high levels of corruption among public officials, and the presence and capability on its territory of criminal or terrorist groups interested in illicitly acquiring nuclear materials.


Category & Indicator Scores

Category & Indicators
Rank/Score/Δ

Quantities and Sites
=22
22

Quantities of Nuclear Materials
=16
38

Sites and Transportation
=18
17

Material Production / Elimination Trends
=22
0

Security and Control Measures
=23
40
+9

On-site Physical Protection
=23
40
+40

Control and Accounting Procedures
=21
29

Insider Threat Prevention
=11
56

Physical Security During Transport
=21
0

Response Capabilities
=17
71

Global Norms
20
63

International Legal Commitments
23
40

Voluntary Commitments
=14
80

International Assurances
=6
80

Domestic Commitments and Capacity
20
85

UNSCR 1540 Implementation
=14
80

Domestic Nuclear Materials Security Legislation
=1
100

Safeguards Adherence and Compliance
=21
50

Independent Regulatory Agency
=1
100

Risk Environment
25
19
+6

Political Stability
25
15

Effective Governance
=20
38

Pervasiveness of Corruption
=16
25
+25

Group(s) Interested in Illicitly Acquiring Materials
=23
0

Legend

= denotes tie in rank
Δ denotes change in score between 2012 and 2014
– denotes no change between 2012 and 2014
All countries are scored 0–100, where 100 = most favorable nuclear security conditions

Note on Scores

Indicator scores equal the sum of the subindicator scores. Scores are then normalized 0-100, where 100 = most favorable nuclear materials security conditions.